From East to West, The Transit of Venus, June 8, 2004.
The planet Venus has completed a very rare passage across the face of the Sun - an event not witnessed since 1882. The so-called transit of Venus began at about 0620 BST (0520 GMT) with the planet's tiny black disc edging over the bright limb of our star. The phenomenon continued for about six hours, ending around 1224 BST.
People across the world gathered to watch the event; from the UK to Lebanon, from Japan to Australia. In Britain, many people gathered at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich to see the event. "It's been outstanding," said space scientist Professor Colin Pillinger, who was at the event. "You couldn't have wished for a better six hours of sunshine.
"Look around here and you can see that people are spellbound. It's great to see planetary science so popular." Dr Jim O'Donnell, of the Royal Observatory, said the day had been "a very exciting occasion"."It's one thing to see events like this in pictures or on TV but quite another to look through a telescope and view it with your own eyes."
Venus transits occur approximately four times in 243 years, more precisely in pairs of events separated by about eight years and these pairs are separated by about 105 or 121 years. The reason for these long intervals lies in the fact that the orbits of Venus and the Earth do not lie in the same plane and a transit can only occur if both planets and the Sun are situated exactly on one line.
This has happened only six times in the telescopic age: in 1631, 1639, 1761, 1769, 1874 and 1882. THE NEXT TRANSIT WILL NOW BE IN 2012, and the one after that will be in 2117.
The transits have had huge significance in the past, as they were used by scientists to work out the Sun-Earth distance - and hence to get a proper scale for the Solar System.Today their value is more in their uniqueness. "It's an extremely rare astronomical event," said Gordon Bromage, a professor of astronomy at UCLAN.
The planet itself is soon to come under close scrutiny from Europe's Venus Express probe. The spacecraft, due to be launched next year, will study the planet's thick atmosphere and look for any volcanic activity that might still persist today.
Venus by Micha F. Lindemans
The Roman goddess of love and beauty, but originally a vegetation goddess AND PATRONESS OF GARDENS AND VINEYARDS. (One Garden, and one Vineyard in particular). Later, under Greek influence, she was equated with Aphrodite and assumed many of her aspects. Her cult originated from Ardea and Lavinium in Latium (Thus, she is connected to the legends of Troy, the Danaans, Mount Ida--IuDeA--and the sea voyages of Odysseus and Aeneas). . The oldest temple known of Venus dates back to 293 BCE, and was inaugurated on August 18. Later, on this date the Vinalia Rustica was observed. A second festival, that of the Veneralia, was celebrated on April 1 in honor of Venus Verticordia, who later became the protector against vice. Her temple was built in 114 BCE. After the Roman defeat near Lake Trasum in 215 BCE, a temple was built on the Capitol for Venus Erycina. This temple was officially opened on April 23, and a festival, the Vinalia Priora, was instituted to celebrate the occasion.
Venus is the daughter of Jupiter, and some of her lovers include Mars and Vulcan (understand Ezekiel, chapter 16...KJV), modeled on the affairs of Aphrodite. Venus' importance rose, and that of her cult, through the influence of several Roman political leaders. The dictator Sulla made her his patroness, and both Julius Caesar and the emperor Augustus (July and August) named her the ancestor of their (Julian) family: the 'gens Julia' was Aeneas, son of Venus and the mortal Anchises. Ceasar introduced the cult of Venus Genetrix, THE GODESS OF MOTHERHOOD and marriage, and built a temple for her in 46 BCE. She was also honored in the temple of Mars Ultor. The last great temple of Venus was built by the emperor Hadrianus near the Colusseum in 135 CE.
The Birth of Venus
Sandro Filipepi, called il Botticelli, 1485 circa. The picture was probably realized on behalf of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici or otherwise commissioned to be presented to him. In his villa at Castello, near Florence, the painting is documented at the half of the 16th century, as well as two other masterworks by Botticelli, the Primavera and Pallas and the Centaur (both at the Uffizi). The scene represents VENUS, BORN OF THE SEA, BEING SPED BY ZEPHIR TOWARDS LAND, WHERE AN HOUR IS READY TO COVER HER WITH A BEAUTIFUL CLOAK. (Understand Isaiah 52). This mythological subject was very important in Renaissance literature and philosopy, so the scene can hint different allegorical means. The canvas, dating around 1485, certainly reflects the presence of Botticelli among the Florentine humanistic circle and his study on classical sculpture, since this celebrated Venus recalls many ancient statues of the goddess.
Among the Florentine artists of the second half of the fifteenth century who strove for a solution to this question was the painter Sandro Botticelli (1446-1510). One of his most famous pictures represents not a Christian legend but a classical myth (On the contrary, Venus is a Greek and Latin perception of the hidden mysteries of Jerusalem--the City Above, the Mother of Us All...Galatians 4:19-31...KJV).
The classical poets had been known all through the Middle Ages, but only at the time of the Renaissance, when the Italians tried so passionately to recapture the former glory of Rome, did the classical myths become popular among educated laymen. To these men, the mythology of the admired Greeks and Romans represented something more than gay and pretty fairy-tales. THEY WERE SO CONVINCED OF THE SUPERIOR WISDOM OF THE ANCIENTS THAT THEY BELIEVED THESE CLASSICAL LEGENDS MUST CONTAIN SOME PROFOUND AND MYSTERIOUS TRUTH. The patron who commissioned the Botticelli painting for his country villa was a member of the rich and powerful family of the Medici. Either he himself, or one of his learned friends, probably explained to the painter what was known of the way the ancients had represented VENUS (BEAUTY) RISING FROM THE SEA. TO THESE SCHOLARS THE STORY OF HER BIRTH WAS THE SYMBOL OF MYSTERY THROUGH WHICH THE DIVINE MESSAGE OF BEAUTY CAME INTO THE WORLD. One can imagine that the painter set to work reverently to represent this myth in a worthy manner. The action of the picture is quickly understood. Venus has emerged from the sea on a shell which is driven to the shore by flying wind-gods amidst a shower of roses. As she is about to step on to the land, one of the Hours or Nymphs receives her with a purple cloak. Botticelli has succeeded where Pollaiuolo failed. His picture forms, in fact, a perfectly harmonious pattern. But Pollaiuolo might have said that Botticelli had done so by sacrificing some of the achievements he had tried so hard to preserve. Botticelli's figures look less solid. They are not so correctly drawn as Pollaiuolo or Masaccio's. The graceful movements and melodious lines of his composition recall the Gothic tradition of Ghiberti and Fra Angelico, perhaps even the art of the fourteenth century - works such as Simone Martini's Annunciation.
Botticelli's Venus is so beautiful that we do not notice the unnatural length of her neck, the steep fall of her shoulders and the queer way her left arm is hinged to the body. Or, rather, we should say that these liberties which Botticelli took with nature in order to achieve a graceful outline add to the beauty and harmony of the design because they enhance the impression of an infinitely tender and delicate being, WAFTED TO OUR SHORES AS A GIFT FROM HEAVEN.
Thus saith the Lord God; THIS IS JERUSALEM: I have set it in the midst of the nations that are round about her...(Ezekiel 5:5).
Upper-Left: The West Wind...Zephyr and Chloris fly with limbs entwined as a twofold entity: the ruddy Zephyr (his name is Greek for ``the west wind'') is puffing vigorously; while the fair Chloris gently sighs the warm breath that wafts Venus ashore. All around them fall roses--each with a golden heart--which, according to legend, came into being at Venus' birth.
Upper-Right: The Wooded Shore...The trees form part of a flowering orange grove--CORRESPONDING TO THE SACRED GARDEN OF THE HESPERIDES (The Garden of Eden) IN GREEK MYTH--and each small white blossom is tipped with gold. Gold is used throughout the painting, accentuating its role as a precious object and echoing the divine status of Venus. Each dark green leaf has a gold spine and outline, and the tree trunks are highlighted with short diagonal lines of gold.
Right: Nymph...The nymph may well be one of THE THREE HORAE, or ``The Hours'', Greek goddesses of the seasons, who were attendants to Venus. Both her lavishly decorated dress and the gorgeous robe she holds out to Venus are embroidered with red and white daisies, yellow primroses, and blue cornflowers--all spring flowers appropriate to the theme of birth. She wears a garland of myrtle--the tree of Venus--and a sash of pink roses, as worn by the goddess Flora in Botticelli's Primavera.
Center: The Shell...Botticelli portrays Venus in the very first suggestion of action, with a complex and beautiful series of twists and turns, as she is about to step off her giant gilded scallop shell onto the shore. Venus was conceived when the Titan Cronus (Time) castrated his father, the god Uranus (In the Beginning God Created Uranus and Gaia)--the severed genitals falling into the sea and fertilizing it. Here what we see is actually not Venus' birth out of the waves, but the moment when, having been conveyed by the shell, she lands at Paphos in Cyprus (Which Cyprus)?.
STAR OF BETHLEHEM MAY HAVE BEEN PLANETS JUPITER, VENUS
BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- Early in the evening of June 17, 2 B.C., the brightest planets in the sky, Jupiter and Venus, merged into a dazzling "star" near the western horizon, according to calculations of modern astronomers. In countries to the east of what was then the kingdom of Judea, observers could have seen the fused planets as a beacon IN THE DIRECTION OF JERUSALEM
Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea (Now understand Micah 5:1-5) in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men FROM THE EAST to Jerusalem,
Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his Star in the East, and are come to worship him...(Matthew 2:1,2...Isaiah 7:11-17; Isa 9:1-7; Isa. 66; Revelation 12).
Astrologers associated Jupiter with the birth of kings and Venus with fertility. The meeting of Jupiter and Venus took place in the constellation Leo the Lion, which the Old Testament of the Bible specifically associated with the Jewish people. And it happened near the brightest star in Leo, Regulus, most closely identified with kingship. There has not been a brighter, closer conjunction of Venus and Jupiter in Leo so near to Regulus in the 2,000 years before or since. Could this be the event that caused a group of astrologers called the Wise Men to travel to Jerusalem in search of a new king almost 2,000 years ago?
The Star of Bethlehem is mentioned only in a few verses of the New Testament's Book of Matthew (Chapter 2: 1-12), but it is one of the best-known parts of the Christmas story. A number of astronomers and historians have tried to determine what the unusual sight could have been. Still there is no consensus. Explanations have been proposed since a suggestion by astronomer Johannes Kepler in the 17th century, but each contribution has seemed to raise as many problems as it solves.
Hollis Johnson, professor emeritus of astronomy at Indiana University, has collected a number of journal articles and other materials on the subject. "The question of the star is divided into two parts," Johnson noted. "One is astronomical: if a star was reported at the time, what was it? The other is astrological: why did the Wise Men associate the star with the birth of Jesus?"
There are three main theories to explain the Star of Bethlehem, Johnson said. One is a close approach by Jupiter and Saturn three times during a period of one year in 7-6 B.C. These conjunctions were not spectacular, Johnson said, but a triple conjunction is rare and was therefore significant to astrologers. A conjunction is a close approach between two celestial objects as seen from Earth. The closer the objects come to each other, the more visually impressive and astrologically significant the event is. This explanation is currently the most popular, because it makes the common assumption that King Herod the Great died in 4 B.C.
The second theory is the conjunction of Jupiter and Venus in 2 B.C. described earlier. For this explanation to be true, Herod must have died at a later date than is commonly believed.
The third theory involves something different -- a nova in the constellation Aquila the Eagle, recorded by the Chinese in 5 B.C. A nova is an enormous explosion at the surface of a star that is similar to a hydrogen bomb explosion, but much more powerful. The star temporarily brightens greatly, which we see as a nova. After a few days the star begins to fade, and after several months it is back to its original brightness (which may be quite faint). "We don't know how bright the nova was, but it appeared to the ancients to be a new star," Johnson pointed out. If the nova were not bright, it would have been noticed only by those who studied the sky, such as astrologers. But it would have been significant to astrologers because it was new.
Apparently the Star of Bethlehem was noticed only by the Wise Men. There is no mention of a star in Luke's description of an angel announcing the birth of Jesus to shepherds in a field. According to Matthew, when the Wise Men arrived in Jerusalem they asked Herod, "Where is he who is born King of the Jews? For we have seen his star in the east and have come to worship him." Herod had no idea what they were talking about and had to summon his advisers. The advisers told the Wise Men that according to prophecy, the Messiah would be born in Bethlehem. (The House of Bread)...
If the birth of Jesus had been marked by a spectacular event such as a comet, which was considered an omen of great significance, Herod at least would have understood the Wise Men's reference to a star, and the shepherds would have been expecting something extraordinary to happen instead of being surprised. The astronomical event that excited the Wise Men seems to have been significant only to them. This rules out the possibility of a conspicuous comet, which otherwise would be a good candidate. It implies that the Wise Men were astrologers (among other things), for such men would have known how to interpret the appearance of a celestial object that did not attract more than the casual attention of ordinary people.
To provide an astronomical explanation of the Star of Bethlehem, however, it is necessary to know precisely when the Wise Men made their journey to Judea. That turns out to be difficult to determine.
The most crucial fact is that Herod was king when the Wise Men arrived in Jerusalem. The difficulty is caused by disagreement among scholars about when Herod died. Roman record-keepers were normally scrupulous, but no specific record of Herod's death has been found. There is considerable indirect evidence that Herod died in 1 B.C. or 1 A.D., but the commonly quoted date for his death is 4 B.C. Scholars writing in the first and second centuries A.D. declared that Jesus was born between what we now call 4 B.C. and 1 B.C. They were living much closer to the event and had access to thousands of historical records.
In September of 3 B.C., Jupiter came into conjunction with Regulus, the star of kingship, the brightest star in the constellation Leo the Lion. LEO WAS THE CONSTELLATION OF KINGS, AND IT WAS ASSOCIATED WITH THE LION OF JUDAH. Just a month earlier, Jupiter and Venus had almost seemed to touch each other in another close conjunction, also in Leo. Then the conjunction between Jupiter and Regulus was repeated in February and May of 2 B.C. Finally, on June 17, 2 B.C., Jupiter and Venus, the two brightest objects in the night sky except for the moon, came so close that their disks appeared to touch. This exceptionally rare event could not have been missed by observers such as the Wise Men.
The Bible does not mention how many Wise Men there were or where they came from. (The tradition of three Wise Men developed from the Bible's description of three gifts -- gold, frankincense and myrrh.) It is reasonable to suppose that their journey took months, however, since they had to cross several hundred miles of desert to reach Jerusalem. If they were in Jerusalem before dawn on Dec. 25, 2 B.C., they would in fact have seen Jupiter almost directly over Bethlehem to the south. They could have traveled the five miles to Bethlehem and presented their gifts that day. By then Jesus would have been a child living with his parents in a house, not a baby in a manger. There is a reference not to an infant (brephos in the Greek) but to a toddler (paidion), indicating that the birth itself had been some months before. This would mean Jesus was born in the spring or summer, which makes a better setting for Luke's account of the shepherds. In December in Judea it was too cold for sheep to graze in the open fields, and they were kept under shelter during the winter months, especially at night.
There is no conflict with the traditional date of Jesus' birth, because Dec. 25 was an arbitrary choice. Early Christians changed the date numerous times to avoid discovery by the Romans when persecution of Christianity was at its height. When Christianity finally became the official religion of the Roman Empire, the festival of Christmas on Dec. 25 observing the birth of Jesus replaced the pagan festival of Saturnalia at that time, WHICH HAD CELEBRATED THE "REBIRTH OF THE SUN" AS THE DAYS GOT LONGER FOLLOWING THE WINTER SOLSTICE...
Malachi, chapter 4...KJV
Designating Jupiter or the conjunction of Jupiter and Venus as the Star of Bethlehem eliminates a number of problems, but probably neither is the last word on the subject. So little is known historically about the period when Jesus was born that new information may well provide a more accurate picture of what happened.
For more information, contact Hal Kibbey, firstname.lastname@example.org).
VENUS/ JUPITER/ DAYSTAR THEORY
By Rev. Phil Greetham.
In this theory the Magi would have seen a conjunction between Jupiter and Venus
on the 12th August 3 BC. They would have marvelled at it but where unable, or
were disinterested, to find its meaning. A closer, second conjunction 10 months
later on the 17th June 2 BC got them thinking that this was important, and it
was then that they discovered the Jewish prophetic link with the coming of the
Messiah. To my knowledge there was no astrological interpretation to this phenomenon
but if the Magi were familiar with Jewish prophecy they might have linked it
to the Jewish prophecy CONCERNING THE RISING OF THE MORNING STAR as a precursor
to the coming of the Messiah. It is possible that the star would have been visible
even after the sun had risen. In other words the morning star would continue
to rise. THE PERSISTENT RISING OF THE MORNING STAR, RATHER THAN FADING FROM
SIGHT MIGHT HAVE BEEN SEEN AS A FULFILLMENT OF THE PROPHECY AND SET THEM ON
THE JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM. They then journeyed to Jerusalem and after being sent
to Bethlehem they saw a third but much looser conjunction over Bethlehem on
the 21st August 1 BC.
Jupiter and Venus coming so close that they appear to merge as one bright star as they did on the morning of the 17th June 2 BC is a very rare event. It means the two planets must get nearer to each other than 3 arc seconds. On average it does this about once every 40 years at a particular site. However in order for it to be visible it must happen after the sun has set and while the planets themselves are above the horizon; that is during dusk or dawn. This makes viewing this phenomenon very rare indeed. For example there were only 3 such possible events in the period 800 BC - 1 BC. (719 BC, 618 BC and of course 2 BC).
MAYAN PROPHECIES AND CALENDAR
THE MAYA KEPT TIME WITH A COMBINATION OF SEVERAL CYCLES THAT MESHED TOGETHER TO MARK THE MOVENT OF THE SUN, MOON AND VENUS. Their ritual calendar, known as the Tzolkin, was composed of 260 days. It pairs the numbers from 1 through 13 with a sequence of the 20 day-names shown below. It works something like our days of the week pairing with the numbers of the month. Thus you might have 1-Imix (similar to Sunday the 1st) followed by 2-Ik (just as you would have Monday the 2nd). When you get to 13-Ben, the next day would start the numbers over again, thus 1-Ix, 2-Men etc. It will take 260 days before the cycle gets back to 1-Imix again (13 x 20).
The 20 day-names are identified with their Yucatec names, pronunciation and approximate translation. The name, meaning and symbol can vary in different Maya languages. Also, each day can be represented with more elaborate glyphs known as "Head Variants" - a formal writing system which can be loosely compared to our script alphabet versus our print alphabet.
IMIX (ee mesh)...waterlily, world IK' (eek'); wind AK'BAL (ok bol ); night-house K'AN (k' on); MAIZE
CHIKCHAN (cheek chon); snake KIMI (kee me); death MANIK' (ma neek'); hand LAMAT (la mot) VENUS
MULUK' (mul ok'); water OK (ak); dog CHUEN (chew in); monkey EB (eb); TOOTH
BEN (ben); reed IX (eesh); jaguar MEN (men); eagle KIB (keeb); SOUL
KABAN (kah bon); earth ETZ'NAB (ehts' nob); flint, knife KAWAK (kah wok); storm AHAW (ah how); LORD
The Classic Mayan civilization was unique and left us a way to incorporate higher dimensional knowledge of time and creation by leaving us the Tzolkin calendar. The Mayans invented the calendars we use today. THE PRESENT CALENDAR ENDS IN THE YEAR 2012.
BY TRACKING THE MOVEMENTS OF THE MOON, VENUS, AND OTHER HEAVENLY BODIES, THE MAYANS REALIZED THAT THERE WERE CYCLES IN THE COSMOS. From this came their reckoning of time, and a calendar that accurately measures the solar year to within minutes. The "Calendar Round" is like two gears that inter-mesh, one smaller than the other. One of the 'gears' is called the tzolkin, or Sacred Round. The other is the haab, or Calendar Round.
13 Months inside of 20 Days, revolving around the greater Circle of the Solar Year.
The Tzolkin consisted of 13 months each 20 days long, and the Haab of 18 months each 20 days long (18 X 20 = 360 days) , and five rest days, thus making 365 days. The date was written using both rounds...As both these wheels turned so passed the Mayan years. EVERY 52 YEARS THE CYCLE BEGAN AGAIN. It was on one of these auspicious years that Cortez landed, thus giving credence to his god image.
Archeologists - claim that the Maya began counting time as of August 31, 3114 B.C. (Near the time of Exodus). This is called the zero year and is likened to January 1, AD. All dates in the Long Count begin there, so the date of the beginning of this time cycle is written 13-0-0-0-0. THAT MEANS 13 CYCLES OF 400 YEARS WILL HAVE PASSED BEFORE THE NEXT CYCLE BEGINS, WHICH IS December 27, 2012. The new cycle will begin as 1-0-0-0-0.
A day was called a "kin", and still is today. A 20 day month was a "uinal", one solar year was a "tun", 20 tuns a "katun", and 20 katuns were a "baktun", 13 of which take us back to the August 13, 3114 B.C. date. Another notable date is 9-9-2-4-8 or July 29, 615 AD when the great King of Palenque, Lord Pakal ascended to the throne.
These dates are carved in stone throughout the Mayan territory, and the numbers can be seen by anyone. Using a vestigial system (they counted all the fingers and toes) and only three characters (we use ten) the Maya could string together very large numbers, these were read from the bottom up. So Pakal ascended on 9-9-2-4-8, that would read: 9 baktuns - 3600 years 9 katuns - 180 years 2 tuns - 730 days 4 uinals - 80 days 8 kin - 8 days These numbers, if we begin at August 13, 3114 BC, will give us a date in the 7th century that corresponds to the date Pakal took the throne in Palenque. The Maya also understood the concept of zero, and wrote it like a shell.
With the new century almost upon us time takes on more meaning. January 1, 2000 would be written 12-19-6-1-0 in the Long Count. The Sacred Round would be 9 Ahau and the Haab designation would be 8 Kankin. Thus the Calendar Round would be 9 Ahau 8 Kankin.
So for the Maya there was a time for everything and every thing had it's place in time. The priest used this to their advantage; due to their abilities to interpret the heavens and calendar, they could control the daily activities of the populace. Knowing when to plant, when to harvest, the rainy and dry seasons, etc. gave them total power and control. Their comprehension of time, seasons, and cycles was immense. If the reader is interested in further studies in this (admittedly, complex!) area, I recommend Linda Shele's fine books, A Forest of Kings and The Blood of Kings.
The Wheels of Time ground exceeding fine for the Maya. To be able to predict the seasons for farmers and astronomical events for religious rites, they utilized a calendar of two meshing, repeating cycles. Maya mathematicians could project this calendar millions of years in the past and the future, time had no beginning, no end. The Mayas recorded numbers with a system of bars and dots. a dot equals one, a bar stands for five. The smaller wheels together represent the 260-day Sacred Round; the inner wheel, with the numbers one to thirteen, meshes with the glyphs for the 20 day names on the outer wheel. A section of a large wheel represents part of the 365-day year - 18 months of 20 days each (numbered 0-19). THE FIVE DAYS REMAINING AT YEAR'S END (symbolising the end of the age) WERE CONSIDERED EVIL. In the diagram, the day shown is read 4 Ahua 8 Cumka. As the wheels turn in the direction of the arrows, in four days it will read 8 Kan 12 Cumku. Any day calculated on these cycles would not repeat for 18,980 days - 52 years.
- "The Maya - Riddle of the Glyphs" National Geographic Magazine
A steadily quickening flow of earth changes has become so apparent in 1995 that even traditional media are paying attention. Earth transformation was the cause of celebration of the Harmonic Convergence initiated by Jose & Lloydine Arguelles in August, 1987, and the Time Shift on July 26, 1992. The Time Shift marked the time in history when the planet entered a new sequencing of energy that after a magnetic pole shift in 2000, will be complete in December, 2012. With the energy sequencing complete in 2012, Timeship Earth will launch her voyage into fourth dimensional time in 2013.
The map of planetary transformation into a new dimensional time stream was plotted in the Mayan calendar and interpreted by Jose & Lloydine in the Dreamspell. In the 1950s, Euro-American astronomers ran headlong into the stunning reality that Native Americans were masters of a sophisticated astronomy previously unrecognized. Since the New World was conquered, the Europeans had believed that Native Americans were ignorant of astronomy. In fact, the Native American concept was completely different than the European and thus not recognized. Where European astronomers tracked large objects, such as the sun and moon, in direct courses, the Native Americans tracked small objects relative to large objects, a far more complex and accurate system. The two systems perceived the heavens from such radically different view points, that the Europeans did not recognize the Native American system as astronomy.
THE MAYAN CALENDAR
The Ancient Maya, and the remains of their cosmic culture, are still enshrouded in mystery and confusion. To this day, much of what archeologists base their findings upon is founded on guesses, not facts. Theories and speculations fill the history books. It looks like we may never understand what the Maya are saying to us. Like a giant cosmic joke, the riddles and puzzles left behind by the Maya are still as much of a mystery today, as they were when they were first discovered by the Spanish.
Maybe understanding the Tzolk'in with only the mental body was not the approach the Mayas themselves intended. As we can see, the archeologists are still guessing, with decades of research behind them. If the Maya intended us to understand their knowledge of the universe, they would have to leave remains behind that would bridge all cultures, languages, and all levels of education. This is what the Maya have done. Without a doubt I can tell you the knowledge of the cosmos is available to all. It is available to those who can open their hearts to the wonder and curiosity of the universe once again. The encoding of the calendar is intuitive and is remembered with feelings. It is also very mental and can be learned with study. As daykeeper, Hunbatz Men has told me, we need to use all our bodies to remember everything. The physical, mental, emotional and spiritual bodies are needed. Without desire, wonder and curiosity there is no intention to remember. Without study there is no understanding. To reconnect to the cosmos and receive information from the Sun, as the Maya do, one must not only place intention by physical study, but desire to remember! As we move our physical bodies into action to study, the intuitive side will just kick in, but desire is most important and quite essential. That's it! This is what the Maya intended.
The calendar with it's twenty Sun/glyphs are cosmic memory activation tools that intuitively interacts with your body's memory, your DNA. The calendar is not only an incredibly accurate map of the cycles of the cosmos, but is also a tool to accelerate and activate your memory into recalling the truth behind the mystery of the cosmos. Each glyph is charged with precise information in the form of feelings or emotions to help active you in a very personal and individual way. Each person will remember their own personal perspective of the truth based on their place in the calendar system. This is not something you need to learn, it is something you will remember.
So here we are, all of us just itching to remember. We have a haunting feeling of something forgotten looming just out of reach, lying just beyond the veil of our own created, limiting reality. I am asking you to have to courage to plow thought this barrier of limitation and remember the totality of who you are, to live in your own personal integrity.
You will need to commit to this for a while. Memory activation does not create instant results. Activation takes place in stages and layers. At first you will find the sacred calendar quite mental. If you find yourself mentally fuzzing out when you begin to place your attention on these teachings, understand that this is a common problem. You are just coming face to face with your own personal limitation program. You are hitting a time/space dimensional barrier and your body is saying ôI can't do this, I can't remember everything. I can't be limitless." I say you can, and you will. It is you destiny to do so.
This is a new year challenge. Commit yourself to remembering the totality of who you are by following these calendars for one earth cycle, just a short 365 days. Place your intention for just a few minutes every day on the Mayan day instead of the linear Gregorian day. Get your body cycling with the cosmos again, instead of the ticking clock. Move into the undulating, spiraling, ascending energy of the cosmos. Watch the sun rise and set. Watch the moon rise and set. Soon you will begin to dream with more detail. You will feel more deeply. Understand more clearly. You will feel a part of a much bigger whole. You will remember little pieces of information. They will just pop into you head. If this sounds good to you, lets get started.
The Basics of the Mayan Calendar
The Maya understood 17 different Calendars based on the Cosmos. Some of these calendars go back as far as ten million years and are so difficult that you would need an astronomer, astrologer, geologist, and a mathematician just to work out the calculations. Lucky for us we only need to work with three of these calendars. The calendars that are most important to beings of earth are the Haab, the Tun-Uc and the Tzolk'in. The Tzolk'in is the most important and the one with the most influence.
The Haab is based in the cycles of earth. It has 360 + 5 days, totaling 365 days. The Haab uses 18 months with 20 days in each month. There is a 19th month called a Vayeb and uses the 5 extra days. Each month has it's own name/glyph. Each day uses a sacred sun/glyph.
The Tun-Uc is the moon calendar. It uses 28 day cycles that mirrors the women's moon cycle. This cycle of the moon is broken down into 4 smaller cycles, of 7 day each. These smaller cycles are the four phases of moon cycle. Portal days (p), on the calendar provided marks days using mathematics of 28 and their fore have a connection with the moon cycles.
The Tzolk'in is the Sacred calendar of the Maya and is based on the cycles of the Pleiadies. The cycle of the Pleiadies uses 26,000 years, but is reflected in the calendar we are using by encompassing 260 days. It uses the sacred numbers 13 and 20. The 13 represents the numbers and 20 represents the sun/glyphs. The Tzolk'in has four smaller cycles called seasons of 65 days each guarded by the four suns of Chicchan, Oc, Men and Ahau. There are also Portal days within the Tzolkin that create a double helix pattern using 52 days and the mathematics of 28. This sacred calendar is still being used for divination by the traditional Maya all over the Yucatan, Guatemala, and Belize, and Honduras.
The Tzolkin calendar was meshed with a 365-day solar cycle called the "Haab". The calendar consisted of 18 months with 20 days (numbered 0-19) and a short "month" of only 5 days that was called the Wayeb and was considered to be a dangerous time. It took 52 years for the Tzolkin and Haab calendars to move through a complete cycle.
These are the Mayan words for periods of time: Day = Kin (keen)
Month of 20 days = Uinal (wee nal)
Year of 360 days = Tun (toon)
20 Tuns = K'atun (k' ah toon)
20 K'atuns = Baktun (bock toon)
During their stay on Earth the Cosmic Maya carried the burden of time. Cosmicly aware of the cycles of time, they were bound, as we are, by walking through time in a linear fashion. They were aware that beings of Earth had lost the natural ability to ride the cycles of time/light/energy, to time travel. It is also known by the Cosmic Maya that this present linear fashion of time will transform into multidimensionality, and will not be limited to linear time on Earth much longer. Isn't this the reason we came here to remember and to witness this event? Do you remember?
The City Above
Kalachakra (The Wheel of Time) And the City Above
The Harmonic Convergence